Johannesburg, also known as eGoli (place of gold), is the
largest and most populous city in South Africa. The city is
affectionately known as "Jo'burg", "Jozi" and "JHB" by South
Africans. Johannesburg is the provincial capital of Gauteng, the
wealthiest province in South Africa, and the largest economy of
any metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africa. The city is one
of the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the world, and Africa's
only officially designated global city (classified as a gamma
world city). While often assumed to be South Africa's capital,
Johannesburg does not form one of South Africa's three capital
cities. Johannesburg does, however, house the South African
Constitutional Court - South Africa's highest court.
The City of Gold
Johannesburg generates 16% of South Africa's GDP and employs 12%
of the national workforce. It has a financial, municipal, roads
and telecommunications infrastructure that matches leading first
world cities, yet the cost of living is far lower. The World
Economic Forum rates the banking sector the sixth most
sophisticated in the world.
Johannesburg has not traditionally been known as a tourist
destination, but the city is a transit point for connecting
flights to Cape Town, Durban, and the Kruger National Park.
Consequently, most international visitors to South Africa pass
through Johannesburg at least once, which has led to the
development of more attractions for tourists.
have centred around history museums, such as
Museum and the Hector Pieterson Museum.
Gold Reef City, a large
amusement park to the south of the
Central Business District, is
also a large draw for tourists in
the city. The Johannesburg Zoo
is also one of the largest in South Africa.
The city also has several art museums, such as the Johannesburg
Art Gallery, which featured South African and European landscape
and figurative paintings. The Museum Africa covers the history
of the city of Johannesburg, as well as housing a large
collection of rock art. The Market Theatre complex attained
notoriety in the 1970s and 1980s by staging anti-apartheid
plays, and has now become a centre for modern South African
There is also a large industry around visiting former townships,
such as Soweto and Alexandra. Most visitors to Soweto go to see
the Mandela Museum, which is located in the former home of